Corneal Abrasion: Healing Time, Treatment, Causes, and More
A corneal abrasion is a scratch on your eye caused by: poking it with a fingernail, pen, or makeup brush; wearing ill-fitting or dirty contact lenses; or having surgery without proper eye protection. If you scratch your eye, see an eye doctor or go to the emergency room as soon as possible. A minor scratch should heal on its own in 1 to 3 days. Deep scratches can cause infection.
How do you know if you scratched your eye?
One of the most common eye injuries is a corneal abrasion, also known as a scratched cornea or scratched eye. Symptoms of a scratched cornea include significant discomfort, red eyes, tearing, blurry vision, and light sensitivity.
What is the fastest way to heal a scratched eye?
What to Do If Your Eye Is Scratched
- DO blink.
- DO pull your upper eyelid over your lower eyelid.
- DO wear sunglasses.
- DON’T rub your eye.
- DON’T touch your eye with anything.
- DON’T wear your contact lenses.
- DON’T use redness-relieving eye drops.
Is a scratched eye an emergency?
If you have pain, a change in vision, or increased sensitivity to light after a scratch or trauma to your eyeball, seek emergency medical attention.
How long does a corneal abrasion take to heal?
Although eye patching has been recommended in the treatment of corneal abrasions in the past, multiple well-designed studies show that patching does not help and may actually hinder healing.
Will a scratched eye heal on its own?
A minor scratch should heal in 1 to 3 days; more severe abrasions may take longer. Don’t rub your eye while it heals.
How do you diagnose corneal abrasion?
Your doctor may need to place a small drop of a yellow-orange dye called fluorescein into your eye to confirm the diagnosis of a very small corneal abrasion. This dye will cause any area of abrasion to appear greenish under a special blue light.
How painful is a corneal abrasion?
Because the cornea is one of the most sensitive parts of your body, even a small corneal abrasion can be extremely painful and feel much larger in size u2014 as if you have a big, rough object in your eye u2014 a scratched cornea can cause significant discomfort, red eyes, and hypersensitivity to light.
How do you treat a corneal abrasion at home?
If you have a corneal abrasion, the first thing you should do is:
- Use an eyecup or a small, clean drinking glass positioned with its rim resting on the bone at the base of your eye socket to rinse your eye with clean water or a saline solution.
- Blink several times.
- Pull the upper eyelid over the lower eyelid.
What medication is used for corneal abrasion?
Corneal Abrasion Topical Ophthalmologic Medications
|Polymyxin B/trimethoprim (Polytrim) solution||1 drop, four times per day for three to five days|
|Sulfacetamide 10% ( Bleph-10 ) solution||1 to 2 drops, four times per day for three to five days|
Do I need to go to the doctor for a scratched eye?
If you suspect something has scratched your eye, see your eye doctor or go to an emergency room/urgent care center right away for treatment. Scratches can also make your eye vulnerable to infection from bacteria or fungus.
When should you see a doctor for a scratched eye?
If you think you might have chronic dry eye, see your eye doctor. Of course, if a foreign object is still stuck on your cornea, even if it hasn’t scratched it, you might experience irritation. How can you tell the difference? Corneal abrasions often cause sustained pain or a gritty feeling in the eye.
Can the ER treat a scratched eye?
If something gets stuck on the surface of your eye and rinsing doesn’t work, see your eye doctor, go to the emergency room, or go to an urgent care facility like Physicians Immediate Care to have the object safely removed by a physician.
Does sleep help corneal abrasion?
Wear dark sunglasses and get plenty of sleep at night to avoid pain and light sensitivity. Use glare-reducing lights in your home, school, or workplace.
Why is corneal abrasion so painful?
Because the eye contains hundreds of times more pain receptors than your skin, the pain caused by a corneal abrasion may appear to be disproportionate to the level of damage that actually occurs.
How do you relieve corneal abrasion pain?
Pain relief for corneal abrasions can be severe, so nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drops and, if necessary, a soft bandage contact lens should be used, as well as narcotic analgesia on a short-term basis.