A concussion is a temporary brain injury caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, with symptoms appearing within minutes or hours of the injury.
Symptoms in children
Changes in their normal behavior after a head injury are important symptoms to look out for in babies and young children with concussion. You do not need to seek medical help right away if you only have mild concussion symptoms. Call NHS 111 for advice if you’re not sure if you need medical help.
When to call 999
If you’ve been diagnosed with concussion in hospital, you’ll be able to go home once any serious brain injuries have been ruled out and you’re starting to feel better. Most people feel back to normal within a few days or weeks, but concussion symptoms can last a few months or longer in some people.
What does a post concussion headache feel like?
A sharp, stabbing pain could be a migrainous headache, which feels similar to a regular migraine but becomes more frequent and intense after a concussion. These are the most common headaches we see in our concussion patients.
How long do concussion headaches last?
Immediate head pain usually appears a few hours or days after a head injury and goes away quickly with proper rest and treatment; however, post concussion headaches and migraines usually start within 7 days of the injury and last for at least 3 to 6 months.
How do you know if you have concussion?
Concussion signs and symptoms include a headache that does not go away or is not relieved by painkillers, dizziness, feeling or being sick, and memory loss u2013 you may be unable to recall what happened before or after the injury.
Is it a concussion or just a headache?
Yes, a simple headache is a sign of a concussion, and it is often the only sign of a concussion, if it began after any sudden event such as a blow to the head or face, or after an abrupt stop without striking the head, such as a hard fall.
What part of head hurts with concussion?
Characteristics: After a concussion, you may experience a headache that resembles a migraine headache, with pain in the front of your head, usually in the area of your forehead or temple, and is commonly described as “pounding” or “throbbing.” It is sometimes accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and noise.
Can I take Tylenol if I hit my head?
If you have a headache, acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) may help, but if you suspect you’ve had a concussion, avoid taking aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), as these may increase the risk of bleeding.
Is a mild concussion serious?
Concussions can also occur as a result of a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. While concussions are rarely life-threatening, their consequences can be severe.
How can I tell if a head injury is mild or severe?
Grade 1: Mild, with symptoms lasting less than 15 minutes and no loss of consciousness; Grade 2: Moderate, with symptoms lasting longer than 15 minutes but no loss of consciousness; Grade 3: Severe, with symptoms lasting longer than 15 minutes but no loss of consciousness; Grade 4: Severe, with the person losing consciousness, sometimes for only a few seconds.
What helps with concussion headaches?
Medications such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, or triptans are used to treat u201cspikesu201d in headaches. Daily supplements such as magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids, or riboflavin are used to reduce headache frequency and severity. Daily prescription preventive headache medications are used to reduce headache frequency and severity.
Can I sleep after I hit my head?
If a person is awake and able to hold a conversation after a concussion, he or she can go to sleep; no other symptoms, such as dilated pupils or difficulty walking, should be present before sleeping.
How do eyes look when you have a concussion?
A diagnosis of concussion can be made after more serious head injuries have been ruled out. Medical professionals have long used the pupillary light reflex to assess severe forms of brain injuryu2014usually in the form of a penlight test in which they shine a light into a patient’s eyes.
What not to do if you have a concussion?
Rest (for 1u20132 days following a concussion).
- Relax at home.
- Avoid or limit screen time.
- Don’t drive.
- Avoid all sports and activities that could result in another head injury (such as roughhousing with friends or riding a bike or skateboard).
Can I have a concussion if I didn’t hit my head?
Yes, absolutely. While most concussions are caused by a blow to the head, you can also get one from whiplash or jostling, in which case your brain slams against your skull, temporarily damaging the cells and triggering an inflammatory response.
How long does a mild concussion last?
Concussion recovery usually takes 7 to 10 days, but it can take longer if you don’t get enough rest or don’t follow your doctor’s recommendations. Learn more about how long concussions last. In addition, some people develop a condition known as post-concussion syndrome.
How long after hitting head can concussion symptoms start?
“Symptoms after a concussion may not appear until later in the day for some people,” says Beth Kolar, an advanced clinician at Main Line Health’s Bryn Mawr Rehabilitation Hospital, who explains that delayed concussion symptoms can appear 24 to 48 hours after an injury.