Spermatocele: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments
Spermatoceles are fluid-filled cysts that develop along the epididymis, which is part of the male reproductive system. They are also known as spermatic cysts or epididymal cysts.
What is the epididymis?
The male testicles’ epididymis stores and transports sperm from the testicles to the penis.
Where are spermatocele located?
Spermatoceles are small lumps that develop near (but not directly on) the testicles. Spermatoceles can develop on any part of the epididymis, but they most commonly appear as a spermatocellulum just above the testicles.
How common are spermatoceles?
Spermatoceles can affect people of any age, but they are most common in men in their forties and fifties. They are caused by smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, or improper weight-loss regimens, and they affect nearly one-third of adult men.
Can spermatoceles turn into cancer?
Spermatoceles are benign cysts, meaning they are not cancerous, and having one does not increase your risk of developing testicular cancer. A blockage in the epididymal duct or inflammation are two possible causes, according to some medical experts.
What does a spermatocele look like?
Spermatoceles are cysts that form above or behind a man’s testicles; a large spermatocele can resemble a third testicle, according to some men. Spermatoceles can only be detected using medical imaging, such as ultrasound.
What does a spermatocele feel like?
A larger spermatocele may cause mild to moderate symptoms in the scrotum, such as swelling and heaviness. Spermatoceles are frequently undiagnosed, and some people discover them during a testicular self-exam.
Will I need medical tests to confirm a spermatocele diagnosis?
Spermatoceles (unlike solid growths) appear translucent or partly see-through; most spermatoceles are small and cause few or no symptoms, so you may not need treatment.
Who performs spermatocele surgery?
A urologist is a physician who specializes in the treatment of male reproductive system issues such as cysts and meningitis.
What should I know about spermatocele cyst removal?
A spermatocelectomy is an outpatient procedure in which a provider makes an incision in the scrotum or groin area and carefully removes the spermatocele. It is not necessary to stay in the hospital after the procedure, and it is generally considered a routine, safe procedure.
Can spermatoceles cause infertility?
Spermatoceles are common, usually painless testicular cysts (growths) that affect people in their forties and fifties. Surgery, as well as a rarely used therapy called aspiration and sclerotherapy, carries a small risk.
Are Spermatoceles painful?
Spermatoceles come in a variety of sizes and are usually painless, but they can become painful if they become too large. Spermatoceles can be smooth or filled with a whitish, cloudy fluid.
How long does a Spermatocele last?
Scrotal swelling is common and lasts between 2 and 21 days.
Will a Spermatocele go away?
Although your spermatocele is unlikely to disappear on its own, the majority of spermatoceles do not require treatment and do not cause pain or complications.
What does an epididymal cyst feel like?
A spermatocele ( epididymal cyst ) is a painless, fluid-filled cyst in the long, tightly coiled tube that lies above and behind each testicle ( epididymis ), which feels like a smooth, firm lump in the scrotum on top of the testicle.
Can sperm build up cause pain?
Infection: The testicle and epididymis, the part of the testicle that stores sperm, can become infected, resulting in pain and swelling that begins quickly and worsens.
What is a pea sized lump in testicle?
Epididymal cysts are fluid-filled cysts that grow from the epididymis (a thin, coiled tube) of the testicle and can occur at any age. They usually appear as a pea-sized lump at the top of the testicle, but they can grow larger.
How do you get rid of Spermatocele naturally?
Natural remedies for spermatocele treatment include eating a balanced diet with less fat and more iodine, as a lack of iodine can lead to cyst formation. Topical applications of iodine, magnesium, and chromium chloride can also be used for spermatocele treatment.
Does ejaculating hurt epididymitis?
Chronic epididymitis can be unilateral or bilateral; it can range from mild, intermittent discomfort to severe, constant pain; it can be exacerbated by certain activities, such as ejaculation; it can be associated with a normal-feeling or enlarged indurated epididymis; and it appears to wax and wane, according to most urologists.
How do you get rid of Spermatocele?
The most common treatment for a symptomatic spermatocele is spermatocelectomy, which involves removing the cyst from the epididymis while preserving the genital system. This surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure.
What is inside a Spermatocele?
A spermatocele is a fluid-filled cyst (growth) that develops above or behind the testicle and contains a clear or cloudy fluid that may contain sperm. These growths are also known as spermatic cysts or epididymal cysts by healthcare providers.
Can I pass epididymitis to my wife?
If you have sex (even with a condom) for the first 10 days after starting treatment, you risk passing the infection to your sexual partner or contracting it again; if this happens, contact your health care provider.
Will a testicular cyst go away on its own?
Cysts usually disappear on their own, but if they are painful, a warm washcloth can help reduce swelling. If a cyst becomes infected, medication may be required to treat the infection.
Do epididymal cysts go away on their own?
If the cyst is small and not causing any problems, all you have to do is keep an eye on it and see a doctor if it grows or becomes painful. Most cysts disappear on their own in children, but surgical removal may be necessary if they become painful or do not shrink.
What is the difference between epididymal cyst and Spermatocele?
An epididymal cyst is a cyst-like mass in the epididymis that contains clear fluid; spermatoceles are similar to epididymal cysts, except that the spermatocele contains fluid and sperm cells. Usually, physical examination or even ultrasound cannot tell the difference between them.