Period pain is caused by the muscular wall of the womb tightening (contracting). Contractions cause the tissues in your womb to release pain-triggering chemicals, and some women have a build-up of prostaglandins, which means they have stronger contractions.
Period pain caused by a medical condition
Period pain can be caused by an underlying medical condition such as endometriosis or shedfibroids, and it is most commonly experienced by women between the ages of 30 and 45. Period pain caused by a medical condition is more common in older women.
Period pain caused by contraceptive devices
If you have any of these symptoms in addition to period pain, see your doctor. An intrauterine device (IUD) is a type of contraception made of copper and plastic that fits inside the womb and can cause period pain, especially in the first few months after it’s inserted.
If ordinary painkillers are ineffective, your GP may prescribe a stronger painkiller, such as naproxen or codeine. Aspirin should not be taken by anyone under the age of 16. You could also try paracetamol, but studies have shown that it does not reduce pain as well as ibuprofen or aspirin.
Other self-help measures to try
If you have severe period pain or if your normal period pattern changes, see your doctor.
The GP may feel your tummy (abdomen) to make sure it feels normal, and if your symptoms are unusual, the GP may perform an internal examination, also known as a pelvic examination.
To relieve period pain, you may be prescribed the contraceptive pill, which thins the womb lining and reduces the amount of prostaglandin released by your body. A thinner womb lining means the womb muscles do not have to contract as much when it sheds.
Referral to a specialist
Your general practitioner (GP) may refer you to a gynecologist, who will perform tests to confirm or rule out an underlying medical condition.
Treating an underlying medical condition
If your period pain is caused by a medical condition, such as endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease, scarring and tissue build-up in your fallopian tubes can make it more difficult for sperm to reach and fertilize an egg.
What do bad menstrual cramps feel like?
Period cramps can feel like an ache u2013 sharp and stabbing or a dull ache u2013 and they’ll be felt lower in the abdomen than your stomach, reaching your upper legs and lower back. Your stomach may be upset, but period cramps will be felt lower in the abdomen than a stomach ache.
Why are my period cramps so painful?
Prostaglandinsu2014compounds released from the uterine lining as it prepares to shedu2014are most likely to blame for menstrual cramps. They are a necessary part of the process, but in excess, they cause pain.
Why do I poop so much on my period?
Prostaglandins are chemicals that help your uterus contract and shed its lining each month. If your body produces more prostaglandins than it needs, they enter your bloodstream and have a similar effect on other smooth muscles in your body, such as those in your bowels, resulting in more poop.
Why does my period smell so bad?
The strong odor is caused by blood and tissues exiting the vagina, as well as bacteria, which is normal in the vagina, though the amount can vary. The resulting “rotten” smell from bacteria mixed with menstrual flow shouldn’t be detectable by others.
Why is first day of period so painful?
The pain is caused by natural chemicals called prostaglandins, which are produced in the uterine lining and cause the muscles and blood vessels of the uterus to contract. The level of prostaglandins is highest on the first day of a period.
Is extreme period pain normal?
It’s not normal to have severe period cramps for the entire time; two or three days of menstrual discomfort is considered normal. Cramps may begin on the day of or shortly before your period begins, but they should not last until your period is finished.
Are painful periods a sign of good fertility?
While painful periods are not linked to infertility, some of the causes of the pain are, and some of these conditions can worsen over time, making early diagnosis and treatment critical.
What is period poop?
Period poops, or diarrhea, are bowel movements that occur around the start of your period and differ from regular poops in that they are often looser and more frequent than regular poops.
Why do period poops hurt so bad?
Why do I poop so much on my period? Like so much else about your period, you can blame it on hormones. u201cThe release of prostaglandins during the menstrual cycle is what causes the pain and cramping felt,u201d explains Dr.
What color should my period blood be?
Blood or discharge that is orange or grey may indicate an infection and ranges from bright red to dark brown or black in healthy periods.
Why should you not wash your hair on your period?
Myth: You shouldn’t wash your hair or take a bath or shower while you’re menstruating. There’s no reason not to wash your hair, take a bath, or shower while you’re menstruating; in fact, a nice warm bath can help relieve menstrual cramps and premenstrual tension.
Can others smell my period?
Period blood smells are generally undetectable to others; however, to reduce unwanted odors, a person should bathe daily and change a pad every time they go to the restroom, as well as a tampon every few hours during menstruation.
Is it normal to fart a lot during period?
When your body produces too many prostaglandins, they enter your bloodstream and cause other smooth muscles in your body, including those in your bowels, to contract, causing flatulence and bowel changes, which is fancy talk for period farts and the dreaded period poops.