Arthritis of the Hand: Symptoms, Types & Treatments
Hand arthritis affects the base of your thumb, your knuckles, the second joint, and the top joint of your fingers. It can be caused by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or psoriatic arthritis, and treatments include joint fusion, joint replacement, and tendon transfer.
Are there different types of arthritis that affect the hands?
The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis, which causes the cartilage covering at the ends of your bones to break down and wear away. Rheumatoid arthritis affects the small joints of your wrists, hands, and fingers. Psoriatic arthritis affects your skin (psoriasis) and joints.
What parts of the hand are most affected by arthritis?
The base of your thumb, where your thumb meets your wrist, the middle joints of your fingers, and the top joint of your finger closest to your nails are the four areas of your hand affected by arthritis.
Who gets arthritis in their hands?
Early symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include dull or burning joint pain that appears hours or days after increased use of your hands, with symptoms appearing more frequently if you’ve had arthritis for a long time.
Splinting/bracing, medications, injections, non-drug approaches, and surgery are all options for treating arthritis of the hand. For osteoarthritis, only acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are recommended for limited use (as needed). The drugs listed below are used to treat rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis. A complete treatment plan for arthritis of the hand includes these additional approaches.
What type of hand surgery is most commonly performed on the specific joints affected by arthritis?
The base of the thumb and second joint, which connects your thumb and wrist, are candidates for joint replacement or fusion. Because you use these joints frequently, there’s a chance your implant will wear out, in which case your provider may recommend additional surgery.
What should I expect after hand surgery?
After surgery, you may need a cast or splint to protect your hand while it heals, and your surgeon may refer you to a hand therapist. Pain medication will most likely be prescribed for a limited time to alleviate discomfort.
What are the first signs of arthritis in fingers?
Manifestations in the fingers
- Swelling. Overuse can cause joints to swell.
- Warm to the touch. Swelling can also cause the joints to feel warm to the touch.
- Bending of the middle joint.
- Numbness and tingling.
- Bumps in the fingers.
Can you get arthritis in just one finger?
Rheumatoid arthritis is symmetrical, which means that if your left index finger is swollen and painful, you’ll likely have the same symptoms in your right index finger. Rheumatoid arthritis can also be systemic, which means it can affect the entire body. Other non-joint symptoms include: shortness of breath.
Where does arthritis usually start?
Rheumatoid arthritis most commonly begins in the small joints of the hands and feet, and it can affect the same joints on both sides of the body at the same time; it can begin slowly and gradually worsen, or it can begin more aggressively.
What does arthritis feel like in hands?
Joint pain that feels “dull” or “burning” is one of the first signs of arthritis of the hand, and it usually occurs after periods of increased joint use, such as heavy gripping or grasping. The pain may not appear right away, but it may appear hours later or even the next day.
What are the 5 worst foods to eat if you have arthritis?
Foods to stay away from
- Trans fats should be avoided because they can cause or worsen inflammation and are bad for your cardiovascular health.
- Gluten. Avoiding gluten is more than just a health trend.
- Refined Carbs and White Sugar.
- Processed and Fried Foods.
- Garlic and Onions.
- Citrus Fruit.
What causes arthritis to flare up?
Overdoing an activity or sustaining joint trauma are the most common causes of an OA flare; other causes include bone spurs, stress, repetitive motions, cold weather, a change in barometric pressure, infection, or weight gain.
Can you get rid of arthritis bumps on fingers?
Rest, splints, heat or ice, physical therapy, and pain medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are all options for treating the pain. Surgery to remove the nodes or replace or fuse the affected joint is a last resort.
What drinks are good for arthritis?
7 Drinks to Help With Arthritis Pain
- Tea. Due to its numerous health benefits, tea is one of the best beverages for arthritis patients.
- Milk. Contrary to popular belief, you do not have to go dairy-free if you have arthritis.
- Fresh juices.
- Red wine.
- When to seek medical advice.
Why do my fingers hurt when I bend them?
This type of arthritis develops as your body ages and the movement of your finger joints causes cartilage in these joints to wear out over time. Once the cartilage has worn down to a certain point, your bones may begin to rub together, causing the pain you feel when your fingers bend.
What is the best vitamin for arthritis?
Top 4 Supplements for Arthritis Pain Relief
- Curcumin (from turmeric root) has anti-inflammatory properties, according to research.
- Vitamin D. If you have arthritis pain or are at high risk for arthritis, your doctor may recommend a vitamin D supplement.
- Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate.
How do you check for arthritis?
Your doctor will consider your symptoms, conduct a physical exam to look for swollen joints or loss of motion, and confirm the diagnosis with blood tests and X-rays. X-rays and blood tests can also help distinguish the type of arthritis you have.
How do I know if I’ve got arthritis?
Arthritis symptoms include joint pain, tenderness, and stiffness, as well as inflammation in and around the joints, limited joint movement, and warm red skin over the affected joint.
Can a hand xray show arthritis?
X-rays are commonly used to diagnose hand arthritis. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis, and it is caused by wear and tear, genetics, and injuries. It is also a common part of the aging process.
Does squeezing a ball help arthritis?
Squeezing one of those small, squishy “stress balls” improved grip strength and relieved pain in adults with hand osteoarthritis (the most common type of arthritis), according to a study published by the nonprofit Arthritis Institute of America.
How do I know if it’s carpal tunnel or arthritis?
Carpal tunnel syndrome causes weakness, tingling, or numbness in the hand, whereas arthritis causes pain and makes it difficult to grasp things for completely different reasons.