Temporal Arteritis: Treatment, Symptoms & Diagnosis
Temporal arteritis is a type of vasculitis (blood vessel inflammation) that usually affects people over the age of 50. If not diagnosed and treated promptly, temporal arteritis can lead to blindness or other serious health problems, as well as an aneurysm (a ballooning blood vessel that can burst).
How common is temporal arteritis?
Temporal arteritis is a vascular disorder characterized by a throbbing, continuous headache. It is often associated with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), an inflammatory condition affecting the shoulders, hip girdle, and neck.
What causes temporal arteritis?
Temporal arteritis is caused by a faulty immune response, in which the body’s immune system “attacks” the body. Temporal arteritis is common in people who have polymyalgia rheumatica. Temporal arteritis should be treated as soon as possible to prevent further damage caused by poor blood flow.
Do symptoms of temporal arteritis come and go?
Some symptoms of temporal arteritis, such as headaches, can come and go. Symptoms vary depending on which arteries are affected, but pain in the right temple and left temple are common.
Where is the pain with temporal arteritis?
Giant cell arteritis is characterized by persistent, severe head pain, usually in the temple area. Scalp tenderness. Jaw pain when chewing or opening your mouth wide.
Can you feel temporal arteritis?
New headaches, scalp tenderness, muscle aches, weight loss, and fevers are all common symptoms of temporal arteritis, as are aching or pain in the jaw muscles when chewing (known as jaw “claudication”).
Does temporal arteritis come on suddenly?
Giant cell arteritis can manifest itself in a variety of ways, including malaise, weight loss, depression, and fatigue, as well as the classic symptoms of headache, scalp tenderness, jaw claudication, visual changes, and polymyalgia rheumatica.
What triggers temporal arteritis?
The causes of temporal arteritis are unknown, and there are no known triggers or risk factors. One possible cause is a faulty immune response, in which the body’s immune system attacks the body. Temporal arteritis is common in people who have polymyalgia rheumatica.
Does ibuprofen help temporal arteritis?
Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen, and others can help relieve pain during acute attacks, while aspiration of the inflamed joint and injection of a steroid into the joint may be recommended in severe cases.
How long can you live with temporal arteritis?
The 44 GCA cases had a median survival time of 1,357 days ( 3.71 years) after diagnosis, compared to 3,044 days ( 8.34 years) for the controls (p =.
|Total number of patients||44|
|Polymyalgia rheumatica diagnosis||9 (20.5%)|
|Vision loss||24 (54.5%)|
How long does temporal arteritis last?
The prognosis for people with giant cell arteritis is typically two to three years, with some patients requiring low-dose prednisone for several years afterward; as a result, corticosteroid-related adverse effects are common, occurring in about 60% of patients.
What does a GCA headache feel like?
The pain is usually throbbing and constant, but it can also be dull, boring, or burning. Focal tenderness on direct palpation is common, and the patient may notice scalp tenderness when combing their hair or wearing a hat or eyeglasses.
Why do my temples hurt when I touch them?
Temple pressure is fairly common, and it’s often caused by stress or tense muscles in the jaw, head, or neck. OTC pain relievers, better posture, and stress management may be all you need, but if you’re concerned or have other symptoms, see your doctor.
Does aspirin help temporal arteritis?
Aspirin has been shown to reduce disease-related complications by reducing the type of inflammation that causes damage in GCA.
What is the most feared complication of giant cell arteritis?
The most feared and irreversible complication of giant cell arteritis is acute visual loss in one or both eyes. The main blood supply compromised by giant cell arteritis is to the anterior optic nerve head via the short posterior ciliary arteries and to the retina via the central retinal artery.
What is the best treatment for temporal arteritis?
The main treatment for giant cell arteritis is high doses of a corticosteroid drug like prednisone; because immediate treatment is required to prevent vision loss, your doctor is likely to begin treatment even before a biopsy confirms the diagnosis.
Can you drink alcohol with temporal arteritis?
Limit alcohol consumption; women should limit themselves to one drink per day, while men should limit themselves to two drinks per day.
Does stress cause temporal arteritis?
Conclusion: This finding suggests that stressful events may play a role in the development of temporal arteritis and/or polymyalgia rheumatica.